Christou and Kofman, ‘Gendering Asylum’, 2022
Anastasia Christou and Eleanore Kofman, ‘Gendering Asylum’, in Gender and Migration, IMISCOE Research Series, Springer, Cham, 2022
By the end of 2019, 79.5 million people of concern (refugees and internally displaced) around the world had been forced from their home countries. It represents over three times the number of people of concern compared to the figure at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The major development since the peak in asylum applications in 2015 in Europe has been the large-scale emigration of Venezuelans, who as of 2019 are now among the top three nationalities in Europe, especially in Spain. On the other hand, Covid-19 has led to a significant reduction in applicants in 2020, especially among Colombians and Venezuelans arriving by air (EASO, 2021).